DNS vs. DHCP

What’s the Difference Between DNS and DHCP

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) and DNS (Domain Name System) both work across the client-server architecture though they are different terms.

While DNS maps the name of the domain to the IP address, DHCP is a protocol that assigns the IP address to the host in a network either dynamically or statically.

DHCP

Not so long ago, network administrators were assigning the IP address for every individual device. This was not as practical as such, and it took a lot of time. But to make this process easier, DHCP (dynamic host configuration protocol) was therefore invented.

DHCP works in a centralized manner, using the server-client system. The DHCP server automatically and dynamically provides IP addresses to each new connected device.

DNS

Apart from DHCP, there’s what is known as the DNS (Domain Name System). DNS also works with the IP address for an individual’s convenience, though in a different manner. As noted earlier, each device that is on the internet consists of a unique address. The same also applies to websites or domains.

Human beings don’t want to remember a different combination of numbers for every site that they like. People would want to put the most natural thing – its name. However, it’s important to note that the name is not the address.

This is where DNS kicks in. DNS receives the name and subsequently searches the internet aiming to locate the name server, or where the information about the name is located.

Learn more about DNS and why you should change it.

DNS vs. DHCP

Below is a comparison table containing more important parameters about DNS and DHCP.

DNSDHCP
PurposeDNS is usually used for resolving domainsDHCP is used for assigning IP’s to the host
Features It translates the written names of domains to the IP addressesDHCP provides the IP addresses of the router, host, name server, and the subnet mask of the computer
PurposeYou can use DNS for locating or finding the Active Directory domain serversDHCP can provide IP to host for some limited time
Port that it usesDNS uses port 53DHCP uses port 67 and 68
Method of workingDNS works in a decentralized mannerDHCP works in a centralized manner
BenefitDNS eliminates the need to keep in mind or remember all the IP addressesDHCP is a very reliable method of assigning IP addresses

Conclusion

As you can see, DNS and DHCP are entirely two different things; each one of them has its purpose. However, what’s important to note is that both the two of them are very helpful for us. There is no rivalry between DHCP and DNS. The internet is quite a complicated place, though technologies such as DHCP and DNS make everything easier for us.

Learn how to flush your DNS cache.

DNS eliminates the need to have to remember complicated IP addresses for internet users while DHCP reduces the time-consuming processes of having to configure the systems manually in a network, making everything fast and automatic.

Both technologies are helpful as they make everything convenient, especially for administrators and users using the internet or a network.

 

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Ather Owais Ather Owais is a tech and cybersecurity enthusiast. He is a strong advocate for online privacy and security, following technological trends and their impact on today's digital era.

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