DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) and DNS (Domain Name System) both work across the client-server architecture though they are different terms.
While DNS maps the name of the domain to the IP address, DHCP is a protocol that assigns the IP address to the host in a network either dynamically or statically.
Not so long ago, network administrators were assigning the IP address for every individual device. This was not as practical as such, and it took a lot of time. But to make this process easier, DHCP (dynamic host configuration protocol) was therefore invented.
DHCP works in a centralized manner, using the server-client system. The DHCP server automatically and dynamically provides IP addresses to each new connected device.
Apart from DHCP, there’s what is known as the DNS (Domain Name System). DNS also works with the IP address for an individual’s convenience, though in a different manner. As noted earlier, each device that is on the internet consists of a unique address. The same also applies to websites or domains.
Human beings don’t want to remember a different combination of numbers for every site that they like. People would want to put the most natural thing – its name. However, it’s important to note that the name is not the address.
This is where DNS kicks in. DNS receives the name and subsequently searches the internet aiming to locate the name server, or where the information about the name is located.
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DNS vs. DHCP
Below is a comparison table containing more important parameters about DNS and DHCP.
|Purpose||DNS is usually used for resolving domains||DHCP is used for assigning IP’s to the host|
|Features||It translates the written names of domains to the IP addresses||DHCP provides the IP addresses of the router, host, name server, and the subnet mask of the computer|
|Purpose||You can use DNS for locating or finding the Active Directory domain servers||DHCP can provide IP to host for some limited time|
|Port that it uses||DNS uses port 53||DHCP uses port 67 and 68|
|Method of working||DNS works in a decentralized manner||DHCP works in a centralized manner|
|Benefit||DNS eliminates the need to keep in mind or remember all the IP addresses||DHCP is a very reliable method of assigning IP addresses|
As you can see, DNS and DHCP are entirely two different things; each one of them has its purpose. However, what’s important to note is that both the two of them are very helpful for us. There is no rivalry between DHCP and DNS. The internet is quite a complicated place, though technologies such as DHCP and DNS make everything easier for us.
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DNS eliminates the need to have to remember complicated IP addresses for internet users while DHCP reduces the time-consuming processes of having to configure the systems manually in a network, making everything fast and automatic.
Both technologies are helpful as they make everything convenient, especially for administrators and users using the internet or a network.