An Internet Protocol address, more commonly known as an IP address, is a unique identifier assigned to every device or a computer. IP addresses are further classified into two versions. The IPv4 consists of only numeric labels, such as 22.214.171.124. The IPv6 address, on the other hand, consists of a combination of numbers as well as hexadecimal codes, such as 2001:db8:85a3::8a2e:370:7334
Apart from that, two different types of IPs are allotted to you when you are connected to a network: your Public IP and yourPrivate IP. Amongst the two, it is the public IP address that allows you to connect to the internet and browse easily. Your private IP is used within your home for all machines connected to your router’s local network (smart devices, computers, tablets, etc.)
There’s a reason why the Internet has two different versions of an IP address: IPv4 and IPv6. When IPv4 first was announced, the creators thought there would be a limitless amount of addresses available. They were wrong. Here are the differences between the two address types.
It is the oldest and commonly used version.
It has a size of 32 bits.
It has an address space of 4,294,967,296 (232) unique combinations.
It is composed of digits, ranging from 0 to 255.
It is limited in numbers and thus, is going to be exhausted soon.
It is written as 126.96.36.199
It was created almost three decades after its predecessor
It has a size of 128 bits.
It has a vast address space of 340 undecillion unique combinations.
It is composed of digits as well as hexadecimal.
It would take billions and billions of years for an IPv6 pool to max out.
It is written as 2001:db8:85a3::8a2e:370:7334
Private IP addresses are used by private networks to identify and share data between devices (e.g. printers, tablets, etc.) that are on the same network. Every computer or any other device on a network has a unique private IP address that is assigned to it by the router via the DHCP protocol. Nothing outside the local network can identify or connect with these devices. You may have seen IP addresses like 192.168.x.x or 10.x.x.x; these are reservations for your private IPs.
Public IP addresses are assigned by your Internet Service Provider (ISP). It is the IP that allows you to connect to the Internet and browse the web. Every device on a local network shares the same public IP address to connect to the Internet since the router itself shares the same IP.
Data is the new commodity (trade). Here’s how your public IP address is adding to this growing trade:
From your country and state to your postal code and street, your public IP address reveals everything about your location. It ultimately puts your privacy at risk since it is the information that gives cybercriminals easy access to your device.
Whether it is the searches you make on the internet, the websites you visit, or the web history that is being saved on your browser, everything is being stored and tracked. In fact, some governments even require ISPs to log the data so that they can access it later.
It isn’t just your demographics, but advertisers are monitoring your buying behavior, interests and personal preferences. It doesn’t only put your privacy at risk but also allow third-parties to influence your personal opinion and interest.
It is easy to spoof or change your IP address and, thus, your virtual location. What you simply need is a virtual private network (VPN). A VPN does not only replace your actual IP with an anonymous IP address. It also routes your Internet traffic via the VPN server, and on top of that, encrypts the traffic (data), thereby hiding whatever you do online. In short, you’re connecting to a device that protects you, and everything you do—every site you visit or movie you watch or transaction you make—is no longer visible to your ISP; instead, your VPN not only hides it from them but protects any other prying eyes from getting their grubby little hands on your private moments. Here’s how to get started with one:
PureVPN offers users an online experience like no other. With reserved Private IPs, users can connect to any PureVPN server, and gain instant connectivity as the IPs are reserved for PureVPN users only.